The appearance on the Italian film market of the largest film factories in Europe and the USA and the economic attractiveness of the film business served as an incentive for Italian entrepreneurs in the South, and later the North, to create their own film companies. In many respects, this was facilitated by the growing interest of ordinary Italians in cinema, the emergence of a huge number of cinema halls throughout the country and the creation of film shifts for the organization of film screenings in remote settlements of Italy. Now you can visit gogoanime for the perfect results.
What the Analysis Shows
The analysis showed that in the pre-fascist period of development of Italian cinema, two waves can be distinguished: the first is “Amateurs” (1895-1908), when pioneers of Italian cinema appear and national film production begins. the second is Professionals (1909-1921) when amateur filmmakers are replaced by qualified specialists, primarily foreign actors, directors, and cameramen.
- The first major film companies in Italy were: Chines, Ambrosio Film, Itala Film, Milano Film, Chenisio, Aquila, Pasqualini Film, Savoy, etc., who managed not only to establish their own in-line film production but also to organize a sales system in various countries of the world (including in Russia and even in Japan). By 1910, Turin was becoming the universally recognized “World Center for the Film Industry No. 1,” which happened 12 years before the appearance of Hollywood in the United States. The fact of close cooperation in the period was established.
The main reasons for the high competitiveness of Italian cinema in the world market were: the successful organization of multi-genre production of film production, including scientific documentary attraction of the best technical specialists to the cinema organization of production of own film. Rapid reorganization of film production after the first crisis of the national cinema and the involvement of professionals in the cinema to replace lover’s development and implementation of new film equipment, a planned film production system and mechanisms for the sale of film production.
Bold experimentation and implementation of technical innovations in film production
An important role in the further popularization of cinema was played by the appearance of the first reputable film magazines, the holding of international screenwriting competitions organization of the First International Film Competition in Milan in 1909
The participation of Italy in the First World War and the post-war economic crisis led to the final collapse of all the leading film companies, and a period of the severe long-term crisis began. The crisis economic situation, mass unemployment and riots of 1919-1920, the lack of mutual understanding between political parties ultimately brought to power in 1922 the fascist party “Union of Struggle” is characterized by restrictions on civil and political rights, the adoption of racial laws, the prohibition of any political parties and organizations other than the fascist since 1926, the death penalty, the seizure of passports from “unreliable” citizens, and cruel suppression opposition, unpunished arbitrariness and crimes of fascist squadrons and an aggressive foreign policy.
However, in fairness, it is also necessary to note the positive aspects of Mussolini’s rule: for the first time, the Italian government managed to achieve reconciliation with the Vatican, pass important laws and carry out liberal reforms aimed at improving the situation of the working class and peasantry. This was largely due to Mussolini’s own “socialist” past, as well as copying a number of social reforms carried out in the USSR.